How To Install A Ruby 1.8 Stack on Ubuntu 8.10 From Scratch
Tháng Hai 28, 2009
Want to install Ruby, RubyGems, and a collection of common gems on Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid Ibex) in just a few minutes? Here’s the skinny.
If you want, you could use something like Passenger-Stack to do the legwork for you, but I prefer doing manual installations so I know the full score. There are several “how to install Ruby on Ubuntu Intrepid” guides out there but none of them got it totally right for me. I’ve just used these instructions twice in a row so I know they work. Another bonus is you get ImageMagick and rmagick installed which some people get really frustrated with..
Note: These instructions assume you’re running as
rootfor convenience. You can alternatively
sudoevery line or just run
sudo bashuntil you’re done.
Install the system level basics
apt-get update apt-get -y install build-essential zlib1g zlib1g-dev libxml2 libxml2-dev libxslt-dev sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev locate git-core apt-get -y install curl wget
Install ImageMagick (for rmagick)
apt-get -y install libmagick9-dev
Install Ruby 1.8 (MRI)
apt-get -y install ruby1.8-dev ruby1.8 ri1.8 rdoc1.8 irb1.8 libreadline-ruby1.8 libruby1.8 libopenssl-ruby ln -s /usr/bin/ruby1.8 /usr/bin/ruby ln -s /usr/bin/rdoc1.8 /usr/bin/rdoc ln -s /usr/bin/irb1.8 /usr/bin/irb ln -s /usr/bin/ri1.8 /usr/bin/ri
Note: Some advise not to use the packaged version of Ruby on Ubuntu due to its performance. I’m not worried about this. If you are, replace this section with a download of the Ruby source code (
http://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/1.8/ruby-1.8.7-p72.tar.gz) and un
make installit by hand. You’re on your own with that though.
Install RubyGems (from source)
curl http://de.mirror.rubyforge.org/rubygems/rubygems-1.3.1.tgz | tar -xzv cd rubygems-1.3.1 && ruby setup.rb install cd .. && rm -rf rubygems-1.3.1 ln -s /usr/bin/gem1.8 /usr/local/bin/gem gem sources -a http://gems.github.com # add Github as a gem source, you won't regret it
Install a set of starter Ruby gems
gem install rake nokogiri hpricot builder cheat daemons json uuid rmagick sqlite3-ruby fastthread rack
By this point you now have Ruby installed with RubyGems, a collection of gems (including rmagick) and you can branch off where you want. If you want to develop a Sinatra app, install the
sinatra gem and you’re away. If you want to install Rails,
gem install rails. And so forth.
If you want to install Apache with Passenger for hosting your apps, however, read on..
Optional: Install Apache and Passenger
echo "deb http://apt.brightbox.net hardy main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/brightbox.list wget -q -O - http://apt.brightbox.net/release.asc | apt-key add - apt-get update apt-get -y install libapache2-mod-passenger
Note: Brightbox’s Passenger package is officially for Ubuntu 8.04 (Hardy) but it works fine on Intrepid in my experience.
If you need PHP5 as well:
apt-get -y install php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mysql /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
Optional: Need a very, very basic firewall?
apt-get -y install ufw ufw allow to 0.0.0.0/0 port 80 ufw allow to 0.0.0.0/0 port 22 # (or whichever port you use for ssh) ufw allow to 0.0.0.0/0 port 25 # (if you need mail in) ufw enable
Note: You’re installing the firewall, not me, so don’t complain if you get locked out because of the firewall or something :) Ensure you have the correct ports and/or a console access to your server just in case (such as Linode supplies).